Emotional pressure is used much more frequently than physical and verbal pressure and is the most subtle of all the sexual coercion tactics.
Using emotional pressure includes the perpetrator convincing the victim that he/she cares more for the victim than he/she actually does, threatening a break-up, wearing the victim down by using the same tactic over and over again, making the victim feel obligated to participate in sexual acts, guilting the victim participating, utilizing peer pressure and even the perpetrator using his/her position of authority over the victim.
“Many victims of intimate partner violence (IPV) experience negative mental health outcomes including anxiety problems, substance abuse, depression, and suicidal ideation,” said Amber Norwood and Christopher Murphy of the University of Maryland.
“Most notable are high rates of posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD), with prevalence estimates ranging from 33% to 84%.” Yet in a relationship, not all four behaviors predict PTSD, according to a recent study conducted by Norwood and Murphy.
These programs should not be called “treatment” because people who batter are not “sick” or “ill” but must change their belief system that justifies violence in their relationships.
Effective batterer intervention programs are not “anger management” programs because abusive behavior comes from beliefs justifying power and control, not from anger.
Described below are 16 different expressions of psychopathy, each focusing largely on the psychopath's lifestyle and habitual ways of interacting with other people.
Physical pressure can include hitting, kicking and slapping the victim; holding the victim down; continuing with the sexual behavior after the victim has been told to stop; and even continuing to kiss the victim as he/she tries to pull away.
This is a common question with a complicated answer.
Some people do make changes in their actions and the beliefs that underlie the violence. And some people may not change, even if they attend a batterer intervention program.
The results of the study revealed similar findings to previous research, with some exceptions.
“As predicted, the rate of PTSD diagnosis was higher in both the sexual coercion (56.8%) and sexual violence (63.2%) groups when compared to the no sexual abuse group (32.3%),” said the researchers.